Yann Echelard, 59, has served on our Board since November 2012. Dr. Echelard, current Operating Partner at Flagship Pioneering, has over 30 years of research and biopharmaceutical experience. Dr. Echelard holds a Ph.D. from Université de Montréal, and has completed post-doctoral studies at Ludwig Institute of Cancer Research in Montreal (McGill University). As a visiting scientist at the Roche Institute and at Harvard University (Developmental Biology), he had a key role in the isolation and characterization of the Hedgehog genes, the first identified vertebrate morphogens. From 1994 to 2010, he progressed through various positions of increasing responsibility at Genzyme Transgenics Corporation and at GTC Biotherapeutics, including Vice President of Research and Development. In 1998, he led the scientific team that first performed goat somatic cell nuclear transfer (cloning). Focusing on Corporate Development, Dr. Echelard spearheaded the creation of a collaborative Joint Venture with LFB Biotechnologies in 2006, developing recombinant plasma proteins and monoclonal antibodies. This close collaboration led to the acquisition of GTC Biotherapeutics, Inc. by LFB in December 2010. In January of 2013, Dr. Echelard became the President and Chief Executive Officer of EVO Biologics, the successor of GTC Biotherapeutics, Inc., a position he held until April 2018. Since joining Flagship Pioneering in 2018, Dr. Echelard has successively served as Founding President of Ring Therapeutics, Cellarity, Laronde, ProFound Therapeutics, Ampersand biomedicine, during their Series A Phase. Based on Mr. Echelard’s biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry experience, as well as his extensive management experience, the Board of Directors believes that Mr. Echelard has the appropriate set of skills to serve as a member of the Board.